Knossos Palace and legend of the Minotaur.

Long ago this great Minoan city and palace of King Minos existed as a victorious and celebrated nation of Crete. Being an island off the main land of Greece it won victorious battles against Greece and legend has it that the half man half bull monster who lived in the centre of a vast set of tunnels under the city called the Labyrinth was the Minotaur.

Firstly we talk about what this legend tells us. That war won by King Minos against King Aegeus of Athens is the focus point as to why we know anything of Knossos at all. It forms the way Greek myths would grow into legends we talk of today. Name we still mention and stories loved by all who read them.

Minos demanded each year 14 youths of equal number of young men and women to be sent by ship to feed the monster that was said to be a deformed son of this King. Half bull with the legs of a man who had the brain of a human and the utter strength of a bull.

Not happy with this transaction it is said that the only son of King Aegeus Prince Theseus demanded to go with the unfortunate few to Crete and so by doing slaughter the Minotaur and finish connection with Crete for good. His father told he would wait and if the black sails turned to white on his return a great feast would be made for he would then know long before the ship docked his son was alive and victorious.

Aided by Minos own daughter the kind heart lovely Ariadne, Theseus finally manages to cut the monsters head off  and the death throw of this mighty beast brought down the mountain on the city and its Royal palace and finally finish the Minoan civilization

On Theseus return he forgot to change the sails and his  father the King fearing the worse jumped over the cliff onto the rocks below and killed himself in grief.

We now jump the many centuries up to the discovery of Knossos Palace.

For thousands of years nothing remained in Crete of this great city. Under mountains of earth and rock Sir Arthur Evans from Hertfordshire England and Oxford University archeology department set his goal to clear up a mystery. It was an effort that took years from 1900 after the discovery that it might be Knossos by Minos Kalokaines in 1878.  Evens finally gave us back a lost world and the palace in 1900s.Without his devotion and Determined  manner one can say no more of this wonderful place would ever have come to light

In 1700 BC this city was covered totally with what may record a land slide brought about by earth quake  or was it attack as in the legend? Well! Evans found the Labyrinth system and may be even signs that a monster bull lived in the tunnels. If it was a mighty bull the story would grow to make this creature more than just a monster as its a Greek way to tell a good story about Gods and hero and mighty monsters.

Many such as this legend are  based on fact. The Minotaur did exist in the tunnels below this palace. what this monster was is not clear but we say a mighty bull is more than guesswork. .Or even mis shaped lion.

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In 1971 I was lucky to go and see this marvel of restoration by Sir Arthur Evans who lived from 1851 -1941. I walked from inside a wonderful bath room into the Labyrinth entrance but only a short tunnel was dug back out. One could feel the bull run as real even in a tunnel about 120 feet long. I have been told that now all that system is open for inspection at this site in Crete. A place to be proud of as the Minoan capital. it has one of the oldest histories in Europe and more than one story. If you recall this King Minos had a problem with gold, another good story.

Part of ancient wall

images_038images_044Sir Arthur Evans who paid for the dig himself on a hunch he had found the Minoan palace. Not fully trained he had written many articles on Minoan text. He was knighted for his life long devotion to find the city and palace.  Against all odds he kept on digging in that true English way that gives us worlds of hope.

Simages_066  Throne room

DSC_3088 The inner most part of the Labyrinth and cave where the monster bull lived.

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My hope is to return and see the expanded renovations and the Labyrinth as it was. A great story and now proof that in fact much of this tale holds fact. So less of a mystery more a shrine to mans story His story, HISTORY it is.

i hope one day you too see Greece as a nation of history makers and not the slide into poverty we see today.

Yours with love Sir Kevin.

 

Copyright Kevin Parr Bt 2018.

Hendrick Van Der Decken the Flying Dutchman Legend examined.

“Harken unto me the Flying Dutchman is no Lie.:

Words printed in a book written long ago in time written by Sea Captain Fredrick Maryatt from England. It was some 60 years before that the legend first came to light of a ghost ship that sailed through eye of storm trying to land but vanishes before hand. Its sails ripped and torn the ships bell wildly ringing and its Captain  strapped to the wheel cursed by the Devil to sail forever the high seas of the Cape.

Many sailors swear they have seen the ship race at them in full sail but vanish before the ships collide. Old stories from my youth in the company of men with faces cracked by sea salt winds and hands like old oak knots with barnacles as fingers. It was a port that rang of legends. Liverpool that rang with the over head railway and royal docks built my great grandfathers own factories made bricks.  It was heady and grand with the smell of engine oils and cries of sailors from every port in the known world.  Ships that had sailed all seas and mariners that came from the pages of Dickens. Gas light green on the cobbled roads that had felt the tread of Queen Victoria and Gladstone and had brought in King Cotton in the holds of fast clippers .That was my youth and University life in the city that had everything and guitars came of the never never and all could make up songs.

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Now I investigate the truth as far back as I am able without made up legend just the bare boned facts.

When skipping through old ships logs I came across H.M.S Bucchante and a report that stood out like a sore thumb. It would have been passed over if not made by a Midshipman who became King George V of England. His report is that a ghostly ship crossed the bow while he was on watch. Some 13 witnesses back this up. The report simple states that the Flying Dutchman crossed the bow of H.M.S Bucchante. This was in 1881 so would a Prince lie? If so he would be mocked but he thought it his duty to report his findings. Out of the 13 witnesses to seeing the ghostly apparition of another ship come so close across her bows that the man on deck with the Midshipman Prince included men and officers. I cant take this lightly as they really believed what they saw was really terrifying stuff.

So determined to go much deep now I searched for more details on the Dutchman.

In 1939 dozens of people at Glencairn Beach in Capetown South Africa reported seeing a ship in full sail race at them in the water at such speed and some saw the ghostly vision of the  Captain but it melted away before it reached the shore.

Then we come to Nazi Admiral in charge of U-boat invasion of shipping in the English channel out to the roaring Atlantic in 1942. His report states they saw the Flying Dutchman sail between them in full charge as clear as day. Admiral Karl Donitz reported this to Hitler.

In 1835 a British navy vessel came into near collision with an old sail ship with tall sails.  At the last second as the wheelhouse spun the ship around to avoid contact the great vessel flying Dutch colours simply vanished. This led to newspaper cover with many stated witness reports along side article. Wagner wrote his opera of the Flying Dutchman legend in 1841 after reading this news.

Now I gave all I had in time to find the origin of the tale. It really relates to The Dutch East India Company who had a Captain lost at sea but no more details concerned with how it happened. His name was Hendrick Van Der Decken who they think went down with his ship somewhere between port in Holland and the Cape in 1641.

If this is the start of the legend as I am certain it is then we can say we have the first real facts before us.

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All stems from this Captain in time and detail it is our man. Is it he who sails the sea forever trying to reach land? Is it he who all report to have witnessed racing by them or even at them and vanishing before impact ? Do ghosts exist and is the Flying Dutchman bound to sail the high seas forever bound to his ships wheel?  Well! no smoke without fire and if even the King of England believed the legend what can I say to conclude other than some things are never made for humans to know the answer. For me I have faith that he somehow made contact with evil in life. Real evil and his spirit is not at rest.

The Flying Dutchman is the dead Captain not the altering description of his ship. Therefore it accounts for six different story details of vessels seen. Lighthouse keepers over the centuries at Cape Point lighthouse have record seeing the Dutchman coming out of the mist in various types of old sailing vessels. One account of 1900 gives a chilling tale of watching the Flying Dutchman appear out of a storm that followed him across the wide view of the stormy sea in broad daylight they saw the ship for some minutes before it vanished.

So what old salty Sams told a school boy long ago was not the myth I believed I was being told by expert sea faring men who had sailed before the mast on old sail ships before I was even born.

A ghostly ship in a storm they told me. The Dutchman was coming for them who had died at sea. It was their belief and I was honoured to hear it from the horses mouth. I am forced to say I do believe it exists. Over my life I have sought answers never bare to be fobbed off with lies I wanted only the bones of fact in everything ever done. I have come to the stage that I believe we are here to be tested properly and if we pass being kind and gentle with Gods creatures and see that we are only a spirit housed in flesh and bone and blood as a frame to stay on earth. Then love our brothers and sisters helping all when we are asked then perhaps we can be forgiven for the odd nasty thought. The fact that ghosts may exist are I thought time travel people from the future. Then what do i know only that we see some things at times that make us see beyond the curtain and changes all we thought.

the Flying Dutchman is but  a sad wretch in hell for eternity.  I think that men who served at sea know far more than me and I in truth will not see them mocked they know he exists they who have seen the hell go past know just how life must be.

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Be good be useful be humble be kind. I give you no explanation this time only facts for you to be alert for all truth. It is my belief i say that it is more than possible and too many real reports of this exist be be just a legend.

Yours with deep love for you all no matter where you are at this moment Ill tell you you are not alone ever.

yours Sir Kevin.

Copyright KevinParrBt2018

 

 

 

The Road Hill House Murder Case

At midnight on 30th June 1860 a 3 year old boy was found dead and  dropped down an outside toilet spoil pit as if to say that was all he was. It was a case that really upset Victorian England to the very core. Newspapers and speeches in Parliament echoed the news through a whole year of stories connected. It was a mystery within a mystery yet not to Mister Whicher.

images_015 Road Hill House at that time of case.

Road Hill house in the county of Kent became the first case of murder ever investigated by a new breed of policeman. A detective purely involved in scientific fact and logic. This man was Jack Whicher who really was the start of all detective stories ever told.

When this new department was set up no one ever gave it a thought Whicher was all that existed as the new sort of law man. He was given the case to look at his way and report back. Really he was on his own in history making as none believed in scientific nonsense and fingerprints. A new wave of thinking had come but too soon to be noticed as useful to the police or even to the public.  Whitcher was on his own and times against him but still he got it right and laughed at. He was a simple sort of chap with a great skill he could look at the facts as a jig saw puzzle and fit it all together in his head. A thinking copper was not what the rest of the force seemed to think was useful to a case file. Clues then went by the board and feet walked all over a murder site and destroyed all clues .It was Whicher who knew this well if the rest did not. He was so far ahead of his times that even Sherlock Holmes was based on him. Doyle may have had a lecturer who had insight but Doyle had read all about this case as a medical student.  Then Edgar Allen Poe wrote about his idea of Whicher in a novel and created the worlds first fictional detective named Auguste Dupin,  before Doyle, had his idea of a pair called Sherlock and Watson. If you read up on this you will find Sherlock was called Miley and Watson had not come to mind when Sir Arthur did first put pen to paper. If Whicher had not ventured forth no detective would ever have come to our notice as we know them now.

I recall being read to as a small boy .Auguste Dupin was amazing stuff and eager did I progress onto Sherlock Holmes as another hero of my early days on earth. I was about 6 I think my first book entitled Black Beauty then Children of the New Forest by Marryat I have mentioned before in pirate review. I soon took on Doyle with Holmes and Watson and loved every page I read.  I came across Whitcher through an American lady living in South Wales who told me I had an intelligent face and recommended this book Suspicions of Mr Whitcher as a good read. She must have read me as a book as I bought it same day. Read it six times in four years and researched the subject after wards. I hand this to you with great pleasure as worth reading

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Jack Whicher  1860 London UK

The train arrived with Whicher ready to walk that way from the rail station up to Road Hill House.A big imposing gentlemans country house  residence came into view with its plaque announcing the name boldly unto him. The owner, a well to do Government factory Inspector  who had remarried and the dead child, his boy from the new relationship. Samuel Kent snr. had  issue from his first wife. There being two older children from his last attempt at family life in the house. His wife then the heiress of wealth. Now married again to money One William and his sister Constance Kent. They about 16 the girl and bit younger her brother at time of the murder case.

 

After announcing him self to the parents the detective searched the grounds then entered the house via the kitchens door.  He interviewed the family then the servants and after this went out to inspect the outside toilet cess pit for evidence. It took him just a few hours to name the killer or killers as he believed the two other children had murdered the fathers favourite new son. Jealousy he named as the motive and so pointed the finger at the young girl and her brother as guilty.

The father would hear none of this and reported Whicher to the Police Federation. Back in Scotland Yard London Whicher was asked to write a full report of his findings. In this he explained the house had been well secured and locked. No evidence was seen to explain how any could have broken in as the only smashed window had glass outside on the path not inside as would have been the case. There fore it was an inside of house murder. The hatred for the dumping of their mother and the child who made both children second placed gave the full evidence as the work of both children as one alone could not have lowered that dead child down the deep toilet pit without help.

 

imagesSamuel Kent.

He was mocked and scolded and ultimately sacked from his job with lost pension owing to the Mister Kents contacts in high places Whicher was without income and laughed at. However he now became the first ever private eye. His own business and did well at it.

Quickly now our  story moves on. The young girl and her brother now older adult living in Australia free as birds. Her brother became the famous William Saville Kent photographer of wild life and birds. Director of fisheries and author of books. Constance Kent his sister eventually owned up to the murder of her dead half brother. She informed the police that she had some 30 years before killed him alone and then piled him down the outside toilet pit.  In this she saved her brother Williams career and sentence. Her final entered into Londons Holloway jail for women to serve her lengthy sentence. Whicher may have been wrong on the Brother helping as the girl at 16 could have carried a 3 year olds body. He may have based this on help as both children hated the affection given to the child and not to them.

images_003 Aged Constance Kent who murdered her half brother and in time may have repented. In her face one can still see the horror of her crime.

Constance Kentimages_028  as young woman She was born in 1844 and died aged 100 in 1944

She left for England leaving her hospital for lepers to her best workers and set off for jail at Milford England. Here she did her sentence saying nothing else .She was moved to many jails . On record Jack Whicher was still alive as an old man who must have read this news with pride and thanks that he had proved all wrong. Justice had been done. He was not reinstated nor granted his legal pension from police even so. I have found that Constance Kent faced execution for her crime. If Queen Victoria had not stopped the hanging taking place nothing would have saved her. She served life and was released on good behavior after years of being shifted around prisons.

 

220px-William_Saville-KentWilliam Saville Kent, brother protected by his sister Constance Kent according to Jack Whicher. I think he was right as he was famous by his own way through life and sister did not wish to destroy him. She took full blame ,eventually through guilt and possibly finding God in her life. How much this brother was responsible is doubtful he may only have known and held doors open.

 

Constance made an ideal prisoner making ceramic tiles that adorn the centre isle in London Saint Pauls Cathedral .in the design included is a small cherub of a fat faced boy with wings each side of head.

images_022Young Saville Kent ,the victim

One amazing historic case worth reading up. Elizabeth Jenkins who wrote Princes in the Tower so well also wrote of Whicher case. So too at that time wrote Charles Dickons about this and many have made a good account in his book called Bleak House, based on this singular case,but the best account is with Kate Summerscale and her book, “The Suspicions of Mr. whicher.” It kept me awake all one night reading the pages that I could not place that account down until the conclusion. To think we have to thank Jack Whitcher for every detective story we read or any Private Eye film we watch as he was the worlds first who none would believe was right and he forged ahead to not only start the first detective business in the world but be proved correct in all he did and in his own life span. An amazing man who knew the truth before any one else.

Thank you all for your time in reading my article and God be ever with us all. Multum et Parvo

Yours gratefully Sir Kevin.

Copyright Kevin Parr. Baronet. August 2018